Hand tools are the tools that are used in the technical field through the use of physical energy. Engineers or technicians work hand-in-hand. Therefore, hand tools are essential for an engineer or skilled electrical technician to solve any construction or maintenance work properly and efficiently. It is not possible to do any technical work without hand tools.
Hand tools maintenance requirements
As important as hand tools are in the technical field, so is maintenance. If hand tools are not maintained, their performance is lost. As a result, no work can be solved accurately and skillfully. Therefore, maintenance of general hand tools is essential if any engineering work is to be done properly. It is not possible to work efficiently without good hand tools.
The names of the hand tools and equipment used in electrical work and the descriptions of all the work used are given below:
1. Measuring tape
Measuring tapes are used in engineering workshops and to accurately determine the length, width, and height of an object.
It is used in engineering workshops. With the help of wire diameter and g. I. The thickness of the seat can be accurately determined.
3. Filler gauge
Filler gauges are used to measure fine clearance. This allows the air gap between the rotor and the stator to be determined.
4. Outside calipers
It can be used to measure the outer diameter of a spherical object. Without it, the measurement can be transferred from the steel rule.
5. Inside calipers
It can be used to measure the diameter of a perforated spherical object and the width of the slot. Without it, the measurement can be transferred from the steel rule.
6. Spring divider
It can be moved by measuring the distance between two points. Apart from that, circles and circles can be drawn on the surface of metallic material.
7. Diagonal cutting pliers
It is a hand tool that is used to cut a thin wire.
8. Flat Nose Pliers
It can be used to give different shapes to wires and metal seats.
9. Round nose pliers
It can be used to make rings and is used for small tasks.
10. Combination pliers
It is an important hand tool used in engineering work. It is used to cut and twist it. Apart from that, narrow-diameter pipes can be caught.
11. Slip joint pliers
It is a hand tool. It can usually be used to hold and bend conduit pipes and cables.
It is used to hold, open and fasten flat, square, round, and rectangular-shaped nut-bolts.
13. Crimping pliers
It is a hand tool. It can be used to attach terminals to different types of cables by pressing lugs.
14. Cable cutter
It is used for cutting through soft or montage rods, bolts, screws, chains, and cable pressures.
It is an important hand tool for electrical work. It can be used to fit and open wooden screws and machine screws.
16. Offset screwdriver
It is a hand tool. Its two heads are curved at a 90-degree angle. This type of screwdriver is used where straight screwdrivers cannot be used.
17. Philips screwdriver
It is a hand tool. It can be used to open and fasten star-shaped screws. A screw cut in the shape of a head cross is also called a Phillips head screw.
18. Flexible blade screwdriver
This type of screwdriver is used where straight screwdrivers cannot be used.
19. Carpentry brace
It is a hand tool. With the help of this wooden screw can be installed and opened. Apart from that, wood can be pierced by putting bits on its head.
20 Wire gauge
It can be used to determine the diameter of the cable and the thickness of the seat.
File an engineering hand tool. It is made of hard carbon steel. It can be used to erode and smooth metal surfaces. Different types of files are used for different purposes.
22. Crosspin Hammer
This is an engineering hand tool. Its head is flat and the other end is crossed. It helps to cut the wall groups and is also used to bend the metal to the required size.
23. Ballpin Hammer
It is a hand tool. It can be beaten to increase the metallic material and can be folded into different shapes. Apart from that, it is also used for installing rivets.
24. Claw Hammer
Its head is flat and its tip is crooked like a crow’s foot. Therefore, it is very easy to place and lift the star.
25. Soft hammer
It is made of wood, plastic, copper, lead, aluminum, and brass. Using a metallic hammer in the blood can cause damage, it is used there.
26. Carpentry Chisel
It can be used to cut trenches in wooden joints. It comes in different sizes.
It is a simple engineering hand-tool. Its frame can be made smaller or larger. It can be used to cut metallic materials into different sizes.
28. Junior Hacksaw
It can be used to cut flexible metallic materials. Such as- wire, pin, low diameter pipe.
29. Back Saw
The backsaw is used to properly cut any small object. Especially wooden slots are used for cutting batten.
30. Cold Chisel
This chisel can usually be used for chipping the surface of metal and stone surfaces and cutting metal sheets and plates
31 . Centre punch
It is a hand tool. This allows the center point of the hole to be marked and marked during drilling.
It is used to mark a metallic or nonmetallic seat.
Tri-squares are used for the following tasks. Namely- (a) Used to work by aggregating at a 90-degree angle of the guideline. (B) Tri-squares are used to test 90 degree angles. (C) It is used in the job setting.
34. Bench Vice
This is an engineering vice. It is used to hold pipes, steel, conduit pipes, and round bars vertically. Apart from that, for various engineering works, its help is taken.
35. Self-locking hinged pipe vice
The stand of this type of vice can be folded. By this G.I. Stop the pipe. I. Used to cut patches on pipes.
36. Open-end spanner
Open-end spanners are available in different sizes. It can be used to open and fasten nuts and bolts of different sizes.
The ring-spanner is a universal type spanner. It can be used to open different sized nuts and bolts.
C-clamps are usually used to fasten any two objects together.
39. Allen Key
Hexagonal perforated screw-in short-range space. Allen Key is used for opening and planting.
40. Pipe cutter
It can be used to cut thick gauge diameter pipes or tubes.
It can be used to cut thin seats. There are three types of snippets. Straight, curved, and hawkbill snippets.
42. Plumb bob
It is usually made of brass. It is used to check the line shaft and vertical line of the machine.
43 . Grease Gun
It is used to grease the bearing with pressure.
44. Wire stripper
Wire strippers are used to remove the insulation on the top of the wire. It comes in different types. Many wire strippers have a gauge number on the plate and the insulation is cut and removed according to the gauge number.
45. Pipe wrench
With the help of Gol G. I. And. M., The S pipe can be held and the pipe can be fitted and opened.
Gimlet was previously used to drill small holes to facilitate the installation of wooden screws.
47. Hand drill machine
Hand drill machines are used to drill holes on thin metallic seats and wood.
48. Spirit level
It is used to place machine sheets and wiring after properly inspecting landscape and vertical levels.
49. Puli Puler
A pulley puller is used for bearing and opening the pulley of any machine or engine.
50. Electrician knife
It uses an electrician’s knife to remove and scavenge the wire insulation.
51. Neon tester
To detect the phase of an electric line through its test, a neon tester is used.
52. Test lamp
Test lamps are used to inspect electrical lines, open-circuits, short-circuits, and earth faults in electrical machines, appliances, and house wiring. Apart from that, continuity can also be tested.
A countersink is used to clean drill bars and to install screw heads or rivet heads.
54. Hexagonal box spanner
It is used to open and fasten hexagonal type nuts and bolts.
It can be used to accurately determine current, voltage, and resistance. Apart from that, transistors, diodes, and capacitors can also be tested.
Insulation resistance and continuity can be tested by Megger. Namely- hand generator type megger and electronics type megger.
57. Frequency meter
The frequency of the AC supply voltage can be measured.
The voltage generated at the generating station and the voltage at the supply line can be measured directly by a voltmeter.
59. Ampere meter
The current of the load and the circuit can be measured in ampere units by ampere meter.
60. Watt meter
The actual wattage of the load and the power of the circuit can be determined by the wattmeter.
61. Energy meter
Energy meters are used to measure in a single unit how much electricity is being consumed in residential, factory, and sub-station over a specified period of time.
62. Tong tester or clip-on test meter
Electrical current can be determined by simply placing a tong tester on the electrical wire. This tong tester electronics type and moving iron type are available in the market.
It can be used to measure the rotational speed of the motor and engine per minute.
64. Soldering iron
Soldering iron is used for welding joints of electric wires.
65. Power factor meter
Power factor meters are used to measure cosine angles between AC voltage and current.
66. Phase sequence
This allows to accurately determine the polarity of the AC line
67. Soldering unit
This allows the thick gauge to be welded as tightly as welding in a very short time.
68. Electric power drill machine
It can perforate metallic thin seats and concrete walls.
This is done by cutting a hole in the hole.
70. Grip Vice
It is a hand tool. This allows the wire or metal seat to be held tightly.
71. Hand blower
This cleans the dust of the machine.
72. Winding machine
It is used to make coils of different sizes for motors. Different types of winding machines are available in the market.
73. Adjustable wrench
It can be used to open and fasten nut-bolts of different sizes and adjustable wrenches of different sizes are available in the market.
It is used to cut paper, leather wad paper, ampere cloth, ampere tube, cotton tape, etc.
75. Dial gauge
G. Dial gauge is used for alignment during set i.e. motor-generator coupling.