# what is electric potential energy?

**The electric potential at a point of an electric field is defined as the amount of work to be done to bring an electric charge unit from infinity to that point.**

**Similarly, the potential **

**difference between two points is defined as the work that must be done to bring a positive unit of charge from one point to another.**

**When a body is charged, it can attract a charged body in an **

**opposite way and repel a similarly charged body. **

**This means that the accused body has the ability to work. This ability to do the work of a charged body is defined as the electrical potential of that body.**

**When two electrically charged conductors are connected by a conductor,**

** the electrons begin to flow from a potential body lower than a higher potential body,**

** which means that the current starts to flow from a potential body larger**

** than a potentially lower body Potential difference of the body and the resistance of the connector. Driver.**

**The electrical potential of a body is thus its charged state, **

**which determines whether it supplies or discharges **

**electrical charge to another body.**

The electric potential is classified as an electric level and the difference between two levels causes the passage of current between them.

** This level must be measured from a zero level reference. The potential of the earth is set to zero**

**. The electrical potential above ground potential is considered to be a positive potential and the electrical potential below ground potential is negative.**

**The unit of electrical potential in volts. To bring a unit of charge from one point to another**.

**the** **potential difference between the points once made is 1 volt.**

** So we can say**.

**If a point has an electrical potential of 5 volts, we can say that a work of 5 Joules must be performed to bring a Coulomb charge of infinity to that point.**

**If one point has a potential of 5 volts and another point has a potential of 8 volts**.

**8 to 5 or 3 joules must be used to move a coulomb from the first point to the second.**

**The potential at one point**

** due to point load**.

**Take a positive charge + Q in space. Imagine a point at a distance x from the named charge + Q. **

**Now we place a positive charge unit at this point. **

**According to Coulomb’s law, the positive charge of the unit is subjected to a force**

**Now move this positive charge of the unit a short distance dx to the charge Q.**

**During this movement, **

**the work done in the field is**

**The total work that must be done to bring the positive unit charge of infinity to the distance x is given by**

**By definition, this is the point’s electric potential due to charge + Q. **

**So we can write**.

#### The potential difference between two points

**Consider two meters distant and d2 meters of charge + Q.**

**We can express the electric potential at the point d1 meters from + Q, like**

**We can express the electric potential at the point d2 meters from + Q, like**

**The potential between **

**difference these two points is so**.